What is Rosacea, and do you have it?

What is Rosacea, and do you have it?

What is Rosacea, and do you have it?


Flushed cheeks? Redness around the nose? Spider veins? Any of the above aggravated by certain things in your life? Then it is possible you may have Rosacea….

What is Rosacea then? 

Rosacea is an auto-inflammatory skin condition, which is sometimes difficult to diagnose as it shows up as many different forms and severity. It generally shows as a red flush across the central areas of the face – forehead, nose, cheeks and chin. However, this can also be accompanied by tiny raised red bumps, pustules, broken capillaries (spider veins) and depending on the severity, skin can appear thickened and uneven, with a rough surface.  

Scientists have yet to develop a full understanding as to what causes rosacea, however, current theory is that dysfunction in the nerves surrounding the blood vessels in the face results in an imbalance which stimulates an immune response, characterised by inflammation.

Unfortunately, rosacea tends to be aggravated by certain triggers, such as - alcohol, caffeine, spicy foods, hot baths, stress, exercise and in all likelihood make you sensitive to the sun. Surveys show that 85% of sufferers of rosacea find that UV light trigger their condition.

So, what can you do about it? 

Each treatment is unique to the individual, however, rosacea is medically categorised by four subtypes;

Subtype 1 – Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea: Facial flushing, swelling and broken capillaries.

Subtype 2 – Papulopustular rosacea: Typically presents with persistent redness across the centre of the face with occasional papules and pustules.

Subtype 3 – Phymatous rosacea: Affects the nasal area, chin and cheeks. Skin will appear thickened, uneven and rough. Most commonly seen in older men.

Subtype 4 – Ocular rosacea: Rosacea around the eye area and can present as stinging, burning and watering of the eyes. Common occurrences of blepharitis and conjunctivitis.

All but subtype 1 requires a clinician’s care, and prescription strength skincare. However, if you are a sufferer of subtype 1, you may be able to relieve your symptoms using over the counter skincare, and professional treatments. Some things you can try are –

  • Wear SPF (this is a must, if nothing else!!) Best to try a moisturising sunscreen.
  • Try skin-calming skincare products. Use gentle products that may be called ‘anti-redness’ and ‘calming’. Look out for ingredients such as niacinamide and azelaic acid which have anti-inflammatory action and also help strengthen the skin barrier.
  • Avoid harsh face scrubs and products with fragrance.
  • There may be an internal cause for your symptoms, so it may be worth seeing a nutritionist who may be able to advise different foods / supplements.
  • Observe what triggers your rosacea and avoid if you can (i.e. spicy food, caffeine etc.)
  • Try treatments such as IPL, laser or LED light. All will require a course of treatments and vary in cost. Be sure to discuss in depth with a skincare specialist for your best option.

If you’re still unsure or you’d like a second opinion from someone, then please do get in touch today. Or book an appointment online.

Much love,